Our country has always been rich in flora and fauna due to its varied geographical diversity, thus there are many National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India for their preservation. India is known to reside among the list of top countries that conserve and preserve the endangered species of flora and fauna. The parks and sanctuaries are responsible for maintaining the ecological balance making India- Incredible India.
Here’s the list of National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India, in which some are even recognised by UNESCO or considered heritage sites:-
Jim Corbett National Park is one of the most famous National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India. This park was established in 1939 as a measure to protect the Royal Bengal Tiger. It is considered as the oldest National Park in India. They offer jeep and elephant Safaris to the visitors through the forest area. Fishing, rock-climbing, river-crossing, rappelling, slithering and rafting are some other activity sports offered to the visitors. The park has more than 25 species of reptiles, 585 kinds of birds and over 50 varieties of mammal species and an equal level of fauna too.
- State: Uttarakhand
- Address: Dhikala, Ranikhet Road, Ramnagar, Pin- 244715, Uttarakhand, India
- Flora: Jamun, Diospyros Tomentosa, Mallotus Philippensis
- Fauna: Leopard Cat, Hog Deer, Sloth, Himalayan Goral
- Best Time to Visit: January to March
This park has been honoured as the World heritage site for serving as a home to two thirds of the population of one horned Rhinoceros across the World. The national park is also recognized as a major Bird Area by Birdlife International for protecting the avifaunal species. This park is the ultimate spot for exploring wildlife in all its glory, making it at the top of every wildlife enthusiast.
- State: Assam
- Address: National Highway -37, Bokakhat, Pin-785609, Assam, India
- Flora: Albizia Procera, Duabanga Grandiflora, Lagerstroemia Speciosa, Crateva Unilocularis
- Fauna: One-Horned Rhinoceros, Asiatic Elephants, Wild Buffaloes, Royal Bengal Tiger
- Best Time to Visit: November to April
It is also a site for the protection of the species of tigers and is one of the most preserved National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India. The park has almost 300 species of trees and 50 aquatic plants, together with 272 species of birds and 12 of reptiles including the Marsh Crocodile & amphibians and 30 species of mammals. If you are lucky, you can also come across an elusive Indian wolf during the jeep safari. Ranthambhore Fort, Bakula, Kachida Valley, Lakarda Anantpura and Jogi Mahal are some other attractions near the area.
- State: Rajasthan
- Address: Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan
- Flora: Mangifera Indica, Ficus Benghalensis, Tamarindicus Indica, Prosopis Specigera
- Fauna: Leopard,Chital, Sambar, Hyena, Nilgai, Wild Boar
- Best Time to Visit: November to March
This park is known as the home to hundreds of endangered species of flora and fauna. The major largest protected area in the South region, the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve includes Nagarhole National Park, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary and Mudumalai National Park with Bandipur national Park. The park authorities allows you to explore the wildlife on an elephant’s back. Watch a peacock dancing, or a tiger growling or even anything out of the ordinary, you get to experience that here.
- State: Karnataka
- Address: Ooty Road, Bandipur, Mysore, Karnataka 571121, India
- Flora: Rosewood, Teak, Sandalwood, Banyan
- Fauna: Panther, Tigers, Cheetah, Four-Horned Antelope
- Best Time to Visit: July and September-November
This wildlife sanctuary has been designated as the world heritage site by UNESCO World Heritage Committee and is known as one of the most famous National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India as well as World. It is also affiliated to Parambikulam tiger reserve. The sanctuary is the perfect place for a wildlife enthusiast to explore the species of flora and fauna here. They offer shelter to many of the conserved and endangered species. They are known to have World’s tallest oak tree plantation and teak plantation also. It has 16 species of amphibians, 61 species of reptiles, 47 species of fish, 39 species of mammals and more than 1000 species of insects.
- State: Kerala
- Address: Anappady, Thunakadavu P.O, Parambikulam, Palakkad, Muthalamada South, Kerala 678661
- Flora: Teak, Neem, Sandalwood, Rosewood
- Fauna: Lion-Tailed Macaques, Wild Boar, Leopard
- Best Time to Visit: August to January
Home to India’s largest biodiversity, Bandhavgarh National Park is situated in Madhya Pradesh. It acts as a reserve to more than 250 species of mammals and birds. Bandhavgarh Fort, Baghel Museum, Village Tala, and Fossil National Park are some major attractions of the area. You can have the opportunity of watching the Indian Bison here, which is the park’s main attraction of species.
- State: Madhya Pradesh
- Address: Tala, Umaria (M.P.), India, Pin Code – 484 661.
- Flora: Anogeissus Latifolia, Butea Monosperma, Grewia Tilifolia, Terminalia Tomentosa
- Fauna: Tiger, Panther, Deer
- Best Time to Visit: October to April
If you ever wish to explore the World of Asiatic lions, Gir National Park is the place for you. The park is the home to some exotic species of flora and fauna and also acts as a preserve for various endangered species. They are known to have more than 400 asiatic lions in the area. The forest of the park is usually covered by teak. Wild boars, cheetahs or even the black buck, you can spot a diversity of wildlife here.
- State: Gujarat
- Address: Junagadh District, Gir Somnath District and Amreli District Gujarat, India
- Flora: Timru, Amla, Babul, Moledi, Bahedo
- Fauna: Asiatic Lions, Spotted Deer, Chinkara, Blue Bull, Chousingha
- Best Time to Visit: late-November to early-March
One of the major elephant and tiger reserves in India, the Periyar National Park hosts as a home to some major endangered species all over the World and is considered one of the most preserved National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India. This is the only national park that opens for visitors even at the time of monsoons. The fauna here includes mammals such as Indian wild dog, Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri langur, birds like Malabar trogon, the Malabar grey hornbill and amphibians such as the Malabar gliding frog.
- State: Kerala
- Address: Idukki, Thekkady, Kerala 685509
- Flora: Cardamom, Eucalyptus, Grasslands, Taxa, Teak
- Fauna: Royal Bengal Tigers, Stripe-Necked Mongoose, Sambar, Lion-Tailed Macaque
- Best Time to Visit: October and June
If you wish to see the inspiration behind the famous children’s book - The Jungle Book, you need to visit this park. The park is famous to feature glassy meadows with a diversity of flora and fauna just like the book. It is situated in Madhya Pradesh and is a home to more than 500 species of flora and fauna. For those bird watchers, this park is the ultimate place to be.
- State: Madhya Pradesh
- Address: Mangitola Mukki Gate, Mukki, SH 11, Gunegaon, Madhya Pradesh – 481111
- Flora: Acacia Torta, Anogeissus Latifolia, Buchanania Lanzan, Butea Monosperma
- Fauna: Tiger, Gaur, Sambar, Chital, Python, Leopard, Porcupine
- Best Time to Visit: October to June
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the unique National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India. This wildlife sanctuary in Karnataka serves as a home to some of the most endangered species in the world. It has more than 300 species of diverse flora and fauna which you can take a look at in their natural habitats in a jeep safari. Bonnet Macaque, Malabar giant squirrel, sloth bear and pangolin, besides the Black Panther and elephants, can be found here with some exotic bird species too.
- State: Karnataka
- Address: Dandeli – 581 325, Karnataka, India
- Flora: Bamboos, Teak
- Fauna: Spotted & Mouse Deer, Sloth Bear, Panther, Tiger, Gaur,
- Best Time to Visit: March to October